Disinfection in the hairdressing salon

A professional approach to maintaining hygiene in the hairdressing salon is a key factor in eliminating the risks associated with infections. A risk-conscious hairdresser who takes care of the hygiene of the working environment is a guarantee of success in the fight against infections. Disinfection and sterilization are the pillars of maintaining proper sanitary conditions in the parlour immediately after general maintenance.

The whole process of maintaining the sanitary regime in the hairdressing salon starts with the awareness of the danger and getting acquainted with the sanitary requirements imposed by the sanitary service. The requirements of the state authorities responsible for the control of hairdressing salons recommend the disinfection of, among other things, reusable instruments that interfere with the continuity of human tissue. Until recently (until the beginning of 2012) there was a Ministry of Health decree obliging hairdressers to behave in a certain way. It described the specific sanitary requirements to which hairdressing establishments are subject, including rules on disinfection. In addition, this regulation contained measures aimed at preventing infections and communicable diseases. This regulation is currently not in force. There is a draft of a new version of this regulation, which takes a more rigorous approach to disinfection and has been supplemented by sterilisation issues in these facilities. It could be considered that these bodies currently have no basis for control. Nothing could be further from the truth. The authorities controlling hairdressing salons treat the new Act on Infectious Diseases and Infections and the Act on Cosmetics, Chemical Substances and Preparations as the legal basis for control. Although the above mentioned draft regulation is not yet in force, many sanitary units operate and control on the basis of this draft. Therefore, hairdressers are sincerely recommended to apply the principles contained in the Ministry of Health’s draft regulation on the specific sanitary requirements to be met by hairdressing establishments.

Even the best hairdresser or stylist can’t recognize an infected person. It is desirable for the employees to treat each customer as potentially infected and to observe all rules of hygiene towards them. Disinfection of the immediate environment is an essential element to protect the customer and employee.

Surfaces and instruments used in the practice and staff hands should be disinfected. Before disinfection, each surface and each instrument should be cleaned and dried. It is necessary to equip the hairdressing salon with appropriate disinfectants during the disinfection process. These products  should primarily be authorised, have the necessary documents and approvals (if required). When buying disinfectants, you should also pay attention to their expiry date. Currently, there are many companies on the market that offer such means, some are better and some are worse. When purchasing, you should be guided by the biocidal spectrum offered by the product and its duration. The best way is to choose disinfectants with a broad spectrum, they will eliminate more potential risks.

Hands are the “object” that is considered to be the most powerful source of transmission of all infections. Sanitary requirements recommend hand disinfection before and after each client and, if necessary, when a worker considers that he may have had contact with a potential source of infection. Velodes Soft is recommended for hand disinfection. It is available as a handy spray. For proper hand disinfection, the recommended techniques must be followed. These techniques are available from manufacturers.

Surface disinfection in the hairdressing salon is a slightly more complicated process compared to hand disinfection. We have a much wider range of products here. These products vary in form, composition and spectrum. We have a choice of sprays, foams, concentrates and wipes among surface disinfectants. The basic dilemma faced by hairdressers is what to disinfect. The answer is simple: we disinfect all surfaces that the employee and the customer come into contact with, which may be a potential source of infection. Surfaces of all worktops, armchairs and hairdresser’s washers absolutely must be disinfected. They are recommended to be disinfected with agents and low alcohol content in order not to damage their delicate surfaces. Velox Top AF is such a delicate yet extremely effective preparation. Sanitary requirements recommend disinfecting these surfaces after each customer. Disinfection of hairdressing equipment surfaces becomes problematic. Disinfect or not. Of course to only disinfect in the right way. For disinfecting driers, curling irons, straighteners and similar devices, it is also ideal for the Velox Top AF. Just spray the surface you want to disinfect and leave it to dry for about 1 minute. With the same product we can disinfect such equipment as combs, brushes and various pins. Instruments thus disinfected are ready for re-use. Thanks to the wide application of Velox Top AF, it is recommended to use it for disinfecting also trimmers, in particular for the exchangeable tips.
Next, instruments that could lead to injuries are disinfected. These tools include all scissors and razors. They should be disinfected with preparations designed to disinfect instruments. The recommended agent that can be used here is Viruton Extra in concentrate form, from which we prepare a working solution and immerse the tool for 15 minutes. After a minute rinse the instruments under running water and hand them over for sterilization (according to the regulation of the Minister of Health). Alternatives to concentrated liquids are powders and foams. Proper use of Velodes Soft, Velox Top AF and Viruton Extra helps to reduce the risk of infection in the hairdressing salon. They will protect both employees and customers.

In order for the disinfectant to work properly, it is necessary to strictly follow the rules of use of the product, which are usually stated by the manufacturer on the packaging. The key to success is also storing the preparations in original packaging. When a working solution is made, the container with this solution should be sealed, precisely described: what is the product, the date on which the solution was made, the concentration and the name of the person who made the solution. When preparing the working solution of the disinfectant and during disinfection, the person carrying out this activity should wear protective clothing and gloves. An interesting fact, which was included in the draft regulation of the Ministry of Health on detailed sanitary and hygienic requirements is the fact that the person authorized to perform the disinfection procedure is a person with at least secondary education and has been properly trained in the operation and principles of operation of equipment and means used during work in these facilities.

Today’s customer is very well educated and knows what to expect from a visited hairdresser. It is not only the first impression that counts, but also small details. When a client sees his hairdresser disinfecting his hands, he uses disinfectant sprays, the costumer more likely to return to him. Cleanliness inspires trust among customers. At the same time, it increases the safety of employees, leading to increased job satisfaction. Conducting the disinfection process in a hairdressing salon is becoming more and more “trendy”.

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